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Guardianship Outside of NY State

Over five million Americans suffer from dementia. This serious loss of brain function hinders the ability of seniors to care for themselves and make sound decisions. In these cases, a guardianship may be necessary to protect their quality of care, assets and legacy. 

Guardianships for Seniors

Guardianship, also referred to as conservatorship, is a legal arrangement that places an individual, also known as a ward or protected person, under the supervision of a guardian or custodian.  There are two main types of guardianship: guardianship of the person and guardianship of the estate or property.

A guardian is typically a family member, friend, or fiduciary appointed by the court. A protected person can be a senior who is no longer able to make safe and sound decisions about his or her own person or property, or who is prone to fraud or undue external influence.

Appointment of a guardian can materially limit the rights and privileges of the protected individual in areas such as:

  • Choosing residence
  • Providing informed consent to medical treatment
  • Making end-of-life decisions
  • Making property transactions
  • Obtaining a driver’s license
  • Owning, possessing, or carrying a firearm or other weapon
  • Contracting or filing law suits
  • Marriage
  • Voting

Right to Due Process

In order to safeguard the protected person’s right to due process, he or she is usually provided with notice and is entitled to attend all legal proceedings related to guardianship. In addition, the protected person may obtain representation by an attorney, present evidence, and confront and cross-examine all witnesses.

Guardianship of the Person

Guardianship of the person grants authority over non-financial matters such as issues that impact the personal well-being of the protected person, including making important medical decisions. The appointed guardian is normally tasked with the following responsibilities

  • Determining and maintaining residence
  • Providing informed consent to and supervising medical treatment
  • Consenting to and supervising non-medical services such as education, psychiatric or behavioral counseling
  • Making end-of-life decisions
  • Maintaining the protected person’s autonomy as much as possible

Guardianship of the Estate or Property

Guardianship of the estate or property empowers the guardian to make important financial decisions on behalf of the protected person, including:

  • Organizing, gathering and protecting assets
  • Arranging appraisals of property
  • Safeguarding property and assets from loss, whenever possible
  • Managing income from assets
  • Making appropriate payments
  • Obtaining court approval prior to any sale of major assets

Our law firm routinely works with seniors and their loved ones to determine the best course of action, file the required paperwork and represent them in proceedings with the appropriate administrative agencies. We also work with the guardian to keep an up-to-date accounting of the estate. 


The Law Office of Patricia A. Powis is a New York Elder Law Firm serving the needs of clients throughout Queens County, Suffolk County, & Nassau County New York including Bayside, Ridgewood, Glendale, Ozone Park, Whitestone, Corona, Flushing, Bellerose, Floral Park, Hempstead, New Hyde Park, Brookhaven, Islip, Deer Park, Merrick and Smithtown.



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| Phone: 516-240-5180

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